Kupang and Bitung Port Development Project, Indonesia (1997 to 2005)

Employer : Ministry of Communications, Government of Indonesia
Location : Kupang on Timor Island in East Nusa Tenggara Province, and Bitung on Sulawesi Island in North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Eastern Indonesia (EI) has been a less developed region as compared with Western Indonesia (WI) having Java Island as its center, and wide economic gap between EI and WI has been observed. Reason for this gap might primarily be due to the topographical characteristics of Eastern Indonesia where a number of small islands are scattered over its vast area. Insufficient infrastructures, especially sea transportation, have hindered the development of EI region. Understanding the importance of EI development, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) has given its top priority to the formulation of sea transportation and communication network in EI and requested the Government of Japan (GOJ) in 1992 to extend a technical assistance for Study on Integrated Modernization Plan for Sea Transportation in Eastern Indonesia, in five (5) sectors, shipping, shipbuilding and ship inspection, port, maritime safety and seaman education. In the port-sector study conducted by the GOJ from 1992 to 1994 (JPC has participated in this study as a member of Joint Venture Consultants), the highest priority was given to the development of ports of Kupang nd Bitung that should be urgently implemented as nuclei and gateway ports in EI. In order to cope with increasing container and other cargo traffic through these ports and to achieve the target of Sixth 5-Year Development Plan in sea transport sector, the GOJ and GOI have concluded in 1996 a Project Loan Agreement to cover the costs of construction works, equipment procurement, and consulting services required for the project. JPC has taken part in the engineering and supervisory services for the project as Prime Consultant.

Major port facilities and equipment provided under the project include :
1) Kupang Port :
– Port access channel
– Multi-purpose wharf (7.5 m deep, 237.5 m long)
– Revetment (266 m long)
– Container yard (20,243 m²)
– Open storage (7,889 m²)
– Transit shed and other port buildings
– Access road (including bridge) (2,492 m long)
– 100-ton mobile crane (1 unit) and other cargo handling equipment
– 750 HP tugboat (1 unit);
2) Bitung Port :
– Port access channel with navigation aids
– Container wharf (10 m deep, 130 m long)
– Local wharf (60 m long)
– Revetment (928 m long)
– Container yard (46,868 m²)
– CFS and other port buildings
– Access road (including bridge) (820 m long)
– 35-ton reach stacker (1 unit) and other container handling equipment
– 1,500 HP tugboat (1 unit)
– 160 HP mooring boat (1 unit)
– 400 HP pilot boat (1 unit).